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Finding Affordable Apartments in North San Antonio

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After years of dedication and hard work, I finally landed my dream job in Texas. I am so excited and can’t wait for this next chapter in my life to begin. Moving from Maine to Texas is going to be an adventure in itself. The first thing I have to do is look for apartments in North San Antonio, TX. Looking online is going to the most logical place to start my search. I never imagined there would be so many results for apartments in that area. I’m going to have to tweak my search criteria to narrow the list down just a bit.

Once I refined my search to only include apartments with at least two bedrooms, a swimming pool, on-site laundry facilities and a fitness center my list was much smaller. Next, I read reviews by current and former tenants of each apartment. Continue reading

Cheap Pimsleur – 7 Ways to Save Money on the Pimsleur Language Learning Method

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Pimsleur, the language method designed by Dr. Paul Pimsleur and now published by Simon and Schuster, is one of the most sought-after language tools for the independent language learner. It is also known for being quite expensive. If you paid retail price for 3 levels of Pimsleur Comprehensive, it would cost over $1000. But with a few little tricks, you can reduce that cost to you by a significant amount, and still get one of the best language methods.

Shop Around. Pimsleur prices can vary wildly. If you are willing to spend the time, you can probably find a more competitive price. There is no shortage of merchants selling Pimsleur language learning products on the internet.

Buy Used. There are lots of opportunities to buy stuff used. Don’t worry that if you are buying used that you are somehow not getting a product that’s as good as a new one. As long as it works – that’s all you really need.

Libraries. Public libraries often stock many language products. Besides books, they will sometimes have audio, video and software products as well, including Pimsleur. In addition, libraries can sometimes order a requested product from another library or they can purchase it from the publisher. I’ve heard of a few cases where people could access audio and software products from their home computer.

eBay. If you are comfortable using eBay, then you can easily find Pimsleur products for sale, but the price may vary considerably. You can use eBay to buy new or used Pimsleur products, but be sure you know what you are getting. I’ve bought Pimsleur products on eBay before without a hitch.

Resell. If you are so inclined, you can sell a product after using it to recoup at least some of your initial cost. You are also helping someone else get a quality Pimsleur product for a better price, so you get some bonus karma points for that!

Borrow or Barter. If you know someone who has the Pimsleur set you are looking for, maybe you can borrow it or trade for it, in part or total. It can save you both money.

Share the Cost. If you can group together with others learning the same language, you can share the cost of Pimsleur. There are other benefits of learning a language with another person such as speaking and practicing with each other, comparing notes and vocabulary etc.

There is little doubt that Pimsleurs conversational approach and focus on pronunciation can be a great benefit to someone learning a language. But it shouldn’t cost an arm and a leg to do it. You’d be better off with a private tutor. If you can use one or some of these ideas to help reduce the cost to yourself, you can get the benefits of learning a language with Pimsleur without putting yourself in the poorhouse.


Prince2 Configuration Management and Change Control

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I remember, many years ago, attending my first training course on Quality. Management couldn’t get enough people to attend, so they bribed them with a free scientific calculator (back then worth about $200) – so I attended.

To be honest, I found it a whole lot more compelling than I expected.

After lunch on the second day, they had an expert talk about Configuration Management.

Well, she certainly knew her stuff – but I came away thinking that CM was a bit ‘academic’.

How Wrong Can I Be? Configuration Management is BUSINESS CRITICAL!

I’m serious. Would you buy another auto from your dealer if they weren’t set up with the right tools to service your car?

How about if they fitted the wrong replacement parts? Or if the Manual had errors in it?

There’s a famous story about the Space Shuttle incurring huge extra costs because European suppliers used the metric system and the USA used Imperial measurements. Tolerance errors built up and parts did not fit together properly.

Change Configuration Management would have stopped that from happening, and it would have helped to spot any such problems much earlier on.

Let’s talk about change control within Prince2

Changes usually come in three categories:

Request For Change (RFC). This is usually a request from the customer or users asking for a change from what was originally requested.

It may be a change to the requirements, specification, acceptance criteria, or scope – or all or any re-work – or accept some form of price reduction.

The final category is a general one. reserved for any general issues, observations or concerns (for example, my design engineer has resigned!).

All the above may be seen as just different categories of an Issue.

So what is Configuration Management? Well it’s basically an

internal service group with resources, tools, procedures and systems to control multiple versions of the products (deliverables) of projects.

Each product is termed an “Asset”. The name for the combined set of these assets is called a configuration.

And the configuration of a projects end product is the sum of its parts.

So why should we care about using CM?

Changes to your project WILL happen – so prepare for it. I was talking about Change Management, which by the way, should be under the wings of CM.

So when changes occur, your project will end up with multiple versions of a product.

If you don’t have appropriate tracking and knowledge of these versions, what was changed, and why it was changed, then your project is going to end up in turmoil.

Suppose you are a design engineer, and a colleague asked you for a copy of the specification document as they are about to design something from it.

What if you had changed the document in some way since it was agreed – maybe because you could see it was an improvement?

Your colleague now designs against this different spec to the spec that others are using – and his product doesn’t work or fit with other designs of the same system. Chaos Reigns.

How about this. A client rings up and says they’re using an old version of one of your products (because it’s compatible with the rest of their system), and can you build some more for them as a special custom order please?

You say ‘no problem’ – you go to your design shop only to find that they’ve lost the drawings – worse, the designer retired last year.

You’d have the same problem if customers said it had a design fault, and could you fix it, or if a customer wanted a modification based on an old design.

And the same problems could exist if you run a ‘service’ corporation.

Are your staff using the right tools, procedures and guidelines?

Are they trained to provide that service?

Let me ask – does senior management have a set of business plans based on a set of strategic directions? And do different parts of the corporation base their operational plans on these documents?

Sheesh! I sure hope they are all using the correct versions of these things…

Okay, let’s get back to your project, and how CM will help.

I hope I’ve convinced you that CM should be a permanent fixture in your organisation and not just set up by and during, a project (because the end products have got to be sustained during their whole life).

The person who provides the CM service is called the Configuration Librarian. Yeah, I know, it sounds kind of dated – but don’t let that put you off. This role can also be called the Configuration Administrator.

Here’s how they can help your project:

1. CM has a completed library of all items that have ever been produced in your organisation (including anything that has been ‘bought-in’ from a third party).

In modern times, these records will probably be held on a database of some sort. In the past they would have been held in hard copy form in a traditional filing system.

2. Each of these records will have information stating who has got what, where it is held, and why.

These records will also hold details of any changes made.

3. The library will also hold master copies of multiple baseline versions of products.

If you work for a small organisation and run small simple projects, then you would expect the way that CM is carried out to be small and simple too. As long as you have control of all versions of all of your products and services.

Next, I want to explain what services the CM Library can give to your project.

It is the project managers’ responsibility to ensure that CM is being properly used by the project.

To help ensure this happens a CM Plan can be created.

Note. For a small and simple project, the plan may just be a list of points to discuss and agree with CM.

The Plan may form part of any quality planning or be included within the Project Plan.

Do what is sensible – but here are the areas that should be covered:

A short narrative explaining what configuration method to be used (or a simple reference to the ‘usual’ system.

What corporate standards will be used (or why they will be varied in some way).

Linkages to any other configuration management systems (or any tools) that will be used. An example may be a third party who is contributing products to the project.

How and where the products will be stored. Are they just documents?

Or are they other physical items – in which case will they be installed on the customer site, or stored elsewhere, such as a bonded storehouse.

How will filing be carried out, and what is the process

for secure retrieval?

What form of version control be used – explain how they

will be identified.

Who within the project and external to it will be

responsible for implementing configuration management?

The Configuration Librarian will provide the FIVE

following services to any given project:

1. Planning. Working with the project manager, to establish what level of detail is required (this is dependent upon the complexity of the total end-product configuration).

2. Identification. Agreeing what products will be under configuration control (for example, the Project Plan may not be included, as long as the project manager has a simple ‘off-line’ system for keeping it under their own version control).

3. Control. Procedures to ‘freeze’ baselines of products and bring them under control of the CM library.

Freezing means no changes are allowed to the product without the right level of authority (for example the project sponsor).

There is another point to be brought out here.

Take the development of a new mountain bike.

One person is designing the wheels, another is developing the frame, yet another, the gearing system.

As each goes through the many design versions the others need to make sure the entire configuration of the bike remains ‘harmonized’.

The CM database will recognise such linkages and alert the team (via reports as described later in this article); of the relationships each product has to each other.

4. Status Accounting. This is the CM database for the recording and reporting of all products.

This goes back into history to the first version, and all the way up to the current version. This data can be given to the project manager at key points, such as an end stage review as accurate proof of the true status on all the projects products.

5. Verification. CM provides reviews and audits to ensure that the project team are using the correct versions of documents and other products during the project (and that they match the ‘master’ copies of such that are held in the library).

This should be seen as a service – not as ‘the management police’!

Finally, there are two important reports that the project manager will use from the CM Librarian:

1. The Configuration Record. This is a record of all the information required about each product’s status, and includes; the latest version number, who is creating the product, where the product is to be kept/stored, and what its status is.

2. Product Status Account. This is a report (usually requested by the project manager at key review points), and provides information about the state of all products within some defined time frame (for example “give me a report of all products and their status that have been created during the current project stage”

The PSA will, for each product within that time frame, contain data such as when each product was baseline and when any changes were approved.

Here is a short synopsis of key points within a Prince2 project when Configuration Management is used:

Planning Quality.

The Configuration Management Plan is created, prior to the

development of the Project Plan. The Project Manager to liaise with Configuration Librarian to discuss how the project will use/work with their Configuration Management (CM) System.

Setting Up Project Files

Takes information from the Project Plan, and adds project filing structure to the Configuration Management Plan. CM system may already have these facilities.

Authorising Work Package (WP)/giving work to the team

Update the Configuration Item Record to “under development” Configuration Librarian will do this.

Ensure the WP contains information regarding how version control will work for the developer, obtaining copies of products or product descriptions, submission the Configuration Librarian, and passing product status information.

Assessing Project Progress.

Capturing “actuals” and updating the status of products Configuration Item Record (CIR). Configuration Librarian can provide a Product Status Account (PSA) if needed.

Capturing and Examining Project Issues/Changes

Configuration Librarian could receive/document all Changes/Issues as well as maintain the Change/Issue Log.

Taking Corrective Action.

When any changes are to be made, the Configuration Librarian to make any products or their copies available, add new copies given out to the CIR, and update CIR for any status changes.

Receiving Completed Work Package (when the team have completed each product/deliverable)

Configuration Librarian to update the CIR to a status of ‘completed’.

Product is now baselined if not already done.

As products/deliverables are completed Specialist Team to advise Configuration Librarian to update

CIR status of each product.

Completing a Work Package.

Configuration Librarian to handle the return of completed products (if appropriate), and to assist Project Assurance in confirming customer/user acceptance of products.

Regular Management Reports

Configuration Librarian with assistance of Project Assurance to confirm the CIR is same as actual status of products by carrying out a Configuration Audit.

Also check that version numbers are correct/updated.

Replanning as a result of change.

Configuration Librarian will provide a Product Status Account of products to be replaced/incomplete.

New CIR’s created if needed.

Closing down a Project.

CIR checked for completeness, and used as an input to

Product Status Account – confirmation from customers configuration management records that all products are approved.

Refer to the Configuration Management Plan for how the products are to be handed over to those with support/operational responsibilities.

Carry out a Configuration Audit to check that all products are approved and complies with their CIR’s.

During Project Planning.

The Configuration Item Record is created with reference to the Configuration Management Plan.

A simple numbering system for each product could be structured as: project name/type of product/product name/source/status/version number

So for example, if a project exists to create a new notebook PC,and a unique numbering system as above is used for the hard drive bought in from a 3rd party:

New Notebook Project/hardware/hard drive/external/in development/vA.2

Here is a detailed guide of the information needed in the

documents referred to in this article:

Configuration Management Plan.

– CM method to be used

– Links to other CM systems or tools

– Where and how products are to be stored

– security arrangements for filing and retrieval

– Identification and numbering for


– Who is responsible for CM

Configuration Item Record.

– Unique Project identifier

– The type of product (web, hardware, etc)

– Product Name

– The Latest version number

– A full Description of the product

– Life Cycle steps for product (ie.draft,

approved, in-service, etc)

– Who owns the product (User? Ops Manager? etc)

– Who created the product?

– The date allocated to them

– The library or location where it is kept

– product source (internal, external)

– links to related products (physical, electrical,


– status (where in the life-cycle is it?

– copy-holders and potential users

– references to issues (if any) that caused change

to this product

– any relevant correspondence

Product Status Account

– Project name

– Product type

– Product identifier

– Version number

– Product description – baseline date

– Product – baseline date

– List of related products

– Date copy of product was issued for a change

– Planned date for next baseline

– Planed date for next release

– Relevant notes (change pending/under review, etc)


How To Fix IertUtil DLL Errors Fix – Working Fix For IertUtil

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Iertutil.dll is an important component that is used under Microsoft to help process the Internet Explorer program. Specifically, it is considered as a crucial runtime component. Without the file, it is impossible for the Internet Explorer browser to run smoothly and properly. Nonetheless, despite its functionality there are also instances wherein the component can simply become problematic. Errors with the file usually happen when the browser is updated to its beta version of the Internet Explorer 7. Often, when the browser is updated to that version, several problems and glitches occur which eventually causes the Internet Explorer 7 to suffer errors and eventually crash. It’s important to address the different issues contributing to this error to be able to fully fix the problem. Fortunately, the following sections will provide an idea on how to get rid of this problem.

What Causes The IertUtil.dll Error?

When the computer is experiencing this problem, the following message is displayed:

“The ordinal 313 could not be located in the dynamic link library iertutil.dll”

Normally, the main cause of a problematic iertutil.dll is an issue with the Internet Explorer program. Common problems with this application occur when a file is missing or has simply been corrupted or damaged. When the file becomes faulty, the computer specifically Windows will have a hard time reading the file properly. Furthermore, errors with the file can also be triggered by errors in the registry. Users have to identify the source or sources of the problem to properly fix the issue. This can be done through the following steps discussed.

How To Fix The IertUtil.dll Errors On Your PC

One way to solve the problem is to manually replace the file. Replacing the file can help get rid of any corruption or damage. After replacing this file, it’s also important to remember that the file needs to be registered. To do this, follow these steps:

Download a fresh copy of the file from its original server then save it into the computer.

Find this location c:WindowsSystem32. Find the existing iertutil.dll and change the name of the file into iertutilBACKUP.dll.

Copy the newly downloaded file and move it into this location C:WindowsSystem32.

Click Start and then select Run.

On the Run box, type in “cmd” and then type in regsvr32 iertutil.dll” on the command prompt and then press Enter. This process should ensure that the computer will have a fresh file to access. Make sure to follow the instructions carefully. Any mistake in these procedures can only lead to more problems.

Another important thing to do is to clean the computer’s registry. Errors with this file are also triggered by registry errors thus it’s important to make that the registry is ridden off any faulty component. Basically, the registry contains all files, settings, and applications used in the system. If a component in the registry goes haywire then the rest of the components are also affected. To clean the registry, download a registry cleaner application from the internet. Make sure to download from a reliable source.


Steam API DLL Error Fix – How To Repair The Steam API Errors On Your System

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An important DLL file, steam_API.dll is a vital component of the “Steam” application which mainly deals with game software and its enhancements. However, despite its functions being essential, it has been reported to cause numerous problems and errors inside your computer. The error is usually encountered when users attempt to load up games and some of the examples of alerts that pop up are as follows:

“Steam_API.dll file is missing.”

“The procedure entry point steamuserstats could not be located in the dynamic link library steam_API.dll.”

What Causes Steam_API.dll Errors?

Several reasons may cause these errors to occur, and it is necessary that you identify the specific cause to perform the appropriate action to repair this. The possible causes would include faulty components of the steam_API.dll file, problems with the software which utilizes the file, or registry issues. It may also be the case that other programs are triggering the errors to appear.

How To Fix Steam_API.dll Errors

The first step to resolve this issue is to check if other programs are causing the error. This is easily done as you will notice the error message alerts when running a particular program. Once you identify the “culprit” application, you have to remove it from your system and then re-install afterwards. To perform this task, you should follow these steps:

Click “start” and then “Control Panel” locate onto.

After that, select “Add / Remove Programs” and then find the program to be removed.

You then have to click on it, and after that press “Uninstall” or “Remove”.

This will delete the program from your PC. If you wish to re-install it, you can do so by using an installer CD/DVD or downloading a fresh copy from the internet.

To address setbacks, you have to clean the registry of your PC registry. The “registry” is a central hub of information and settings that is accessed by Windows to run and load your programs. Oftentimes, the registry gets damaged, causing many problems, including these errors. To fix this and prevent future problems, download and run a registry cleaner tool to make your computer error-free and function more efficiently.


How to Create Your Own Elibrary For Students, and Educators

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traditional libraries are strange places, students occupy much space, and purchase books shelves of filler that often today’s internet-savvy rarely home. Most people today have a large collection of MP3 on their computers, a fact of the music industry may not like it, but was adapted to selling MP3 versions of music sold on CD

if a student can create a collection of MP3, after the wide range of electronic books available on internet then we can freely create our own elibraries.

then, how can create an elibrary?

1. find an old computer or notebook, empty of all programs except Microsoft Office and an eBook Reader.

2. Start providing the web free download cheap ebooks, add to your library.

3. Join a library online and borrow a temporary section of the library of ebooks.

4. If a textbook is available in eBook format, the order above the traditional printed version. Download, it could be a useful addition to your library.

5. encourage students to download and add e-books to the library.

6. allow students to create their own electronic books with its own written or visual work. A student or a class ebook, could make a very useful addition to the library.

7. Add a Powerpoint section to the library, allowing students access to previous lessons and presentations.

8. Please contact with organizations such as the Government, the United Nations, embassies and other regional organizations for ebooks and powerpoints for your library.

imagine that you can be a valuable source of information in the classroom, a source that could be bigger than most of the public libraries of today – at a fraction of the cost.

(this article is part of education 21st century authors series)


3 Essential Oils Infused Bath Bombs to Relaxed Your Pet

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The purpose I adore animals so significantly is that they give off an frame of mind of happiness, innocence and unconditional adore to their people today.  Our pets are just as pleased getting a aspect of our household as we are of having them with us.

But at times an animal arrives into our daily life that is a bit “out there!”

For instance, the puppy that has an irrational worry of rain and is not going to for the daily life of him go outside to potty in the course of a rain shower.  Or the cat who hides for hrs when a friend arrives over.  Or, how about the puppy with attachment difficulties that destroys the residence though you’re at do the job?  Any of these audio familiar?

My cat’s, Sammie and Max, adore to dangle out on our screened-in patio.  But anytime the rubbish truck arrives rolling in, they flee for their life!

It could possibly audio nuts to us, but what ever your animal’s fears or wacky behaviors may possibly be, they are entirely legit in their minds.

Using necessary oils on your animals can actually just take the edge off of their anxiety, major time!

For the reason that of an animal’s heightened senses, they respond really well to necessary oils.  In the wild, animals consume certain crops to mend on their own.  In captivity (our houses), the plant kingdom is not commonly out there.  Using necessary oils on your pet offers them entry to the wide therapeutic houses of nature.

The a few very best necessary oils to tranquil your pets are:


Roman Chamomile

Peace & Calming® (a blend from Young Dwelling)

These necessary oils can be made use of to guidance your animal with worry of rain and thunderstorms, separation anxiety, hyperactivity, trauma/abuse, despair, Sickness, outings to the vet’s workplace, grief/loss of a further household pet and any other circumstance that triggers excellent stress for your animal, this kind of as rubbish vans!

When you utilize necessary oils to animals, constantly remember a lot less is additional as animals are really delicate to necessary oils.

Also, with animals, it is very best to dilute necessary oils with a provider oil this kind of as organic and natural olive oil.  I suggest just one aspect necessary oil to 1 aspect provider oil for all animals Besides cats. The dilution ratio for cats is 1 aspect necessary oil to ten pieces provider oil.

Use warning with cats!

Any of the necessary oils listed in this report are secure for dogs and horses, nonetheless cats are a different tale! Cats are exceptionally delicate to necessary oils that contains phenols, this kind of as oregano and thyme. Cats can not proficiently metabolize phenols because they deficiency an enzyme in their liver to digest the phenols. Avoid Peace & Calming® necessary oil blend on your cat, as it does incorporate phenols. Lavender and Roman Chamomile necessary oils ARE secure for cats.

How to utilize necessary oils on dogs, horses and cats:

For calming dogs:

Blend 1 fall Lavender, Roman Chamomile or Peace & Calming® necessary oil with 1 fall provider oil.  Rub this combination on your dogs pads, ears or comb through their fur.  Use any time you perception your puppy is stressed.

For calming horses:

Blend 1 fall Lavender, Roman Chamomile or Peace & Calming® necessary oil with 1 fall provider oil. Rub this combination on your horse’s muzzle, ears or cornet bands. Use any time your horse is stressed.

For calming cats:

Blend 1 fall Lavender or Roman Chamomile necessary oil with ten drops provider oil. Rub this combination on your cat’s pads, ears or comb through their fur. Use any time your cat is stressed.

By the way, the necessary oils in this report are also fantastic for easing your anxieties, much too!  Dilution is not required on human beings.  Just utilize a fall or two on your wrists, shoulders or driving your ears.

And the upcoming time you’re opening up a lavender bath bomb wrapped in a plastic bath bomb mold, share some with your animal good friends!  They’re going to thank you!

Why Students Prefer The Internet Over Books

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If you are driving a bus or a train, with a coffee after dinner in your cafeteria favorite or simply enjoying a light jokes with his family in the room to be, comes a deluge of information via the internet. It is a product of the ingenuity of man that absolutely defies time, space and gravity. Computer, any sizes and shapes come, definitely it knows no bounds as the power has and to us and our daily lives cannot be it expressed in numbers and beyond description.

today in day, has become the favorite tools of the students in their research activities and make most favored books and libraries. Internet and the library are considered great repository of knowledge where a vast source of information, records and documents are stored. Both serve similar purpose – which is to provide expertise. However due to innovations in technology, the team has come to replace the internet and libraries with books at an unprecedented rate. Thus, digital information technology has dramatically altered the methods that teachers and students have access to information.

why students prefer the internet about books? What’s in what young people are hooked to it as drug addicts in dire need of some shots? What has brought the dramatic decrease in the number of users of the library? Can we see the future with libraries be phases out completely? Since the mid 1990s, the downward trend in the users of the library has been well documented. A study by a ten-year period revealed that library transactions have fallen by 21 percent while circulation fell to 35 percent along with the decline in the publication of printed media.

seen one reason why internet is favored over books is due to the uniformity of the information. As libraries do not offer the same information systems, the internet does. Certain topic on the history of a country determined for example will vary from one country to another and depends on the author of the book. An American author writing for example for your own country’s history will provide information more objective and broad and comprehensive in providing data in comparison with Asian writing about American culture.

can be accessed from the universality of the information provided by the internet by individuals from all over the world ensuring that the same information is that they feed on students with internet access of the hemispheres of the North to the southern part of the world as no local or regional versions of information. More to say, the information is generic for all although internet is translated into several languages.

Laptops & desktops and mobile internet-ready made internet accessible anywhere in the world. If one is eating or ride a bus, it can be accessed information in comparison with go to the libraries where elements such as time and energy will be considered. Computers in fact provide a multi-tasking that libraries do not offer. In addition, internet provides information within seconds after the navigation links, that books do not.


Charging or Issues Systems in Special Libraries in Sierra Leone

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special libraries are collections that exist to serve the needs of its customers. Libraries are varied as your needs. However, the libraries have common elements in the service offering, focused collections and its staff that are able to adapt to the changing needs of its customers base. The phrase “Special libraries” is a misnomer, because all libraries are special and have similarities in their functions. This statement does not dispute the fact that some libraries have special concerns – whether its clientele, its collections or its purpose. A standard definition of a special library would be there to serve the limited needs of a specific entity – a business, industry, agency, non-professional organizations or non-profit group. They are also subject oriented units of a public library or academic (Malaga and Harrison, 1990).

the collection of special libraries is smaller and tend to focus more on comparison with public and academic libraries. Special libraries have the tools and the people required to make information available to the customer because it is not enough to gather and obtain information from the House. It should be accessible to users. A special ultimately library is particularized services information that relates, interprets and uses materials by hand for constant use and benefit from the organization serves (Chirgwin and Oldfield, 1982).

the special library primary requirement is that it must provide current information that allows researchers and other entrepreneurs to carry out its functions effectively. Therefore, it provides not only a collection of materials for which referred to the demand, but also a network of services that make information available to a variety of external sources.

previously, the provision of books and other materials for research purposes was considered of paramount importance. With the dramatic increase in the number of students after the war in Sierra Leone, they became more generally accepted that a University Library should aim to meet the needs of its major categories of readers; i.e., the research worker and academic staff.

definition of load or system problems

according to Berkett and Ritiche (1977), the recording of the loan of materials is called load or emission. The load method chosen by a particular library depends on much of the clientele of the library, the size of the population and the need to restrict the number of elements that can have a library member borrowed, and whether the library has peak for the loan and return materials. The choice of methods will be also affected by the amount and type of information requires the staff of the Library topic to present.

the purpose of a circulation system is access to the users of the library as much as possible to the population. Unfortunately, a book lent to a reader is not available for others and certain restrictions should be made. For example, an encyclopedia is a compendium of knowledge on a vast number of topics and is designed for easy reference rather than for reading. Allowing a book on loan would be inconvenient that a large number of users of the library without the borrower benefit.

each library use a system for the registration of books and other items to its readers. There have been many modern developments to record tracks in the last thirty years, mainly due to the high cost of staff, greater use and in search of better overall efficiency. There is a system for multiple use with the requirements of all kinds of library, although the last computer charging system can cope with many aspects quickly.

a good system must allow the library staff discover that the reader has borrowed that you book. You must show when books are due back and expired. Some systems can control the number of books published, and particularly the number that each reader has borrowed. The best systems will allow that the book is renewed without returning the book in person and should allow readers of books that are not immediately available.

load or system problems in libraries

the circulation department is the area where most of the customers are accustomed because it is here that library materials are loaned out and after use, and sometimes referred to as the Department main house or take. They are kept records of customers here after completing a form is necessary to provide personal information, i.e. name, address, sex, condition and guarantor. Some departments have different cards for different categories of users to complete. Circulation Department however perform the following functions:
• registration of new users and keep records of library users;

• maintenance of records of borrowed materials and returns them;

• note when rendered by back materials in the library;

• maintenance of statistics of the Department;

• send overdue notices to customers who can not return your books (Nwogu, 1991) due date.

types of loading or editing systems used in libraries

as he has been said, one of the main services offered by libraries is the loan of books and other materials. Obviously, libraries must maintain some type of record of lending operations and many methods have been designed to regulate this task. These methods are known as methods of load or transmitter. The load method chosen by a particular library depends on much of the clientele of the library, the size of the stock and the need to restrict the number of elements that can have a library member borrowed and whether the library has peak for the loan and return material. These are some examples of loading methods used in different types of libraries.

the system of Browne: for many, many years, the most commonly used method of load is the system of Browne. With this system, you fill in a membership application form and Reader gives you a number of entries with your name and address. Reader presents books to loan at the counter of the issue, along with the ticket of a reader for each book. The date is stamped seal in each book with the date of return; book card is removed from each book and inserted into the reader (a book per ticket card) inputs. The charge is therefore a book card inserted in a Bill. When the book is returned, the wizard will search inside to know date, or Pocket sticker, accession number/author/class number as well as the expiration date. Case is then removed from the Edition, book card replaced in pocket book and ticket returned to the reader.

the system of Islington: in this system, each reader is given a ticket of plastic that highlights your name and address. The stationery within the books of the library is the same as the system of Browne. However, the difference lies in the fact that the reader must print a sheet of address (with a note of relief) for each book that you want to borrow. Therefore the ‘load’ a book card is more a slip of paper inside a ticket blank address.

book of ticket or stub loading: in this method, each book has a pocket of permanently fixed book inside the cover in which the book details are given. Inside this pocket book is a Pocket, inside which is a book with details of the book card. The reader only need to insert one slide for your ticket in plain pocket and present the book for printing the date. The wizard removes the ‘burden’ and subsequently surrenders. Issue trays are usually kept in a separate ‘download room’ and not at the issue desk. There is a reception where the books are returned, the actual download is performed later in the ‘ room of shock when you remove the burden of the issue, the destroyed reader ticket and card pocket and book level returned to the book. An additional ‘stub’ is issued to the reader when the former is used up.

symbolic: book date tag is sealed in the usual way, and the reader must deliver a tab for each book published. Returning books, the reader receives only the appropriate number of cards to change. At the end of each year the reader must be able to produce the full range of tokens or pay a cost that have been lost. A visible index (is a list of reserved books must be checked whenever books are returned) is used for reservations.

load of punched card: when a book is checked out, the Assistant takes two cards punched, previously dated with the date due for return (perforated and stamped date), places the two punch in an automatic key cards perforated machine and punches in both letters the reader number and number to book the class number. A card is retained as a record of the lending library; the other card is inserted in the pocket of the book with her date of return clearly visible. Punch cards are returned books, classified in order of number of accession by machine and then by machine with cards duplicated as a record of the lending library. Unmatched cards represents books still out on loan and these can be refilled mechanically, this time in date to reveal backward order.

computer system of emission: computing is now available in the libraries is very advanced. The terminal in question is equipped with a boom in data that can be attached to a self – inking date. There is a card holder that fits the reader ticket. Load is achieved running horizontal data pencil through books barcode labels and barcode in the lectoricket t to be provided. Date in the book labels are stamped with the date of return and the ticket is returned to the player. Download terminal is also equipped with another pencil of data and is used to read books bar code labels when they returned. The reader ticket is not necessary at this stage as the reader name will automatically be deleted from your computer when all of the books are the records have been returned (Malaga and Harrison 1990).

load or editing system in the Faculty of medicine and library of Sciences allied health

the College of medicine and Allied Sciences of the health (COMAHS) was founded on April 12, 1988 by the Government of Sierra Leone, in cooperation with the Nigerian Government and the World Health (who) Organization. With the promulgation and entry into force of law of the University in 2005, which led to the creation of two universities in Sierra Leone, Faculty of medicine and Allied Sciences of health as an arm constituent of the University of Sierra Leone, in collaboration with the National School of nursing, which is a faculty and school of pharmacy technician also part of the Faculty of pharmaceutical sciences.

the library of the Faculty of medicine and allied health sciences began a few months after the University was established in 1988. The library was first located in the street, in Brookfields and later transferred to New England in Freetown, from where he was finally transferred to the Connaught Hospital, when the Ministry of Health gave up the building they occupy it as a library.

the library of the Faculty of medicine and Allied Health Sciences was initiated by a medical librarian by the name of Nancy M’Jamtu-Sie in 1988. The library carries out the main action in matters of medicine and Sciences of health at the University of Sierra Leone. The library relies exclusively on donations and operates from three sites: the main medical library at the Connaught Hospital, which houses the Administrative Office of the library, short loan, reference, collection of the World Health Organization audio cassettes; the facilities of CD-ROM and Internet, the multidisciplinary library in the national nursing school, houses the general collection and loan, as well as short and books of reference and library of medical science on the Campus of the town of Kossoh.

the Mission of the College of medicine and Allied Health Sciences is: “educate physicians oriented community, pharmacists, nurses, laboratory scientists and health with professional skills and managerial sounds suitably qualified personnel to comply with international and able to investigate and pursue training in specialized areas of health care delivery.”

the practices of the Faculty of medicine and Allied Health Sciences system of emission of aforementioned Browne, who is practiced in most libraries, especially special libraries found in the University of Sierra Leone. With the Browne’s load or emission system in the library of the College of medicine and allied health sciences, each book in the library has a book that is stored in a pocket inside each book. The card identifies each book by recording, usually the number of adhesion, number of classification, author and short title. Each reader has an issued ticket indicating the name and address. Ticket of this reader is the paper card, which was taken from the bag in the book, and this forms the emission registration. Each book is marked with the date of return and the theme is presented in trays under the due date for the return to date probably by the number of.

when readers return the book, date due to stamped on the date label located between the decks of the question correct date and number printed on the date of the label must find the correct position within that date. The paper card and returns it to the book, which is now ready for the shelf and the reader retrieves your tickets. Overdue books are evident since trays are in date order and reservation is made looking for care appropriate in an obvious way. Brown is operated simply and easily understandable by the library staff and readers alike.

customers or users of the Faculty of medicine and Health Sciences Library allies

a clientele in the library is a body of customers or users that makes use of a library to obtain the necessary information. The clientele of a library is very well informed group. Accordingly, the emphasis of the library is in maintaining the considerable depth of subject material or provision of information to be printed. All members of the University of Sierra Leone that you can use the Allied Sciences of health and Faculty of medicine library must register at the library and get a membership card. External readers can use the library for your inquiry, but it would not be lending facilities.

in the library of the College of medicine and allied health sciences, most of the books available to users for the loan period and varies the number of books borrowed. The action of the book covers basic medical sciences, biology, Physiology, biochemistry and all disciplines of medicine. Books are loaned to the students and staff for certain period of time.

challenges of load or editing system in the Faculty of medicine and Health Sciences Library Allied

special libraries in Sierra Leone, especially the University of medicine and Health Sciences Library allies are not without problems.

the space challenge: three sites where works of the Faculty of medicine and Allied Health Sciences Library have been observed to be very small in relation to the building. The location of these sites above all with the National School of nursing which houses the general collection as short loan and reference books; and the library of medical science on the campus of Kossoh Town, are not seen as favorable in terms of its location. They do not offer a convenient access for staff and customers. Shelves and storage not has been conveniently located.

financial situation: the financial situation of the library of the Faculty of medicine and Allied Health Sciences has been very unsatisfactory especially when management cannot meet its obligation to take care of the itinerary of the library. This has led to the library do not have up-to-date Collections. This has been in the area of wages, which has been very poor, operational costs, subscriptions, acquisition, training and professional development.

Insuficientes materials: materials in medicine and allied health sciences faculty are insufficient to meet the needs of its users. The materials are acquired mainly through donations as the library does not have sufficient funds to buy materials to meet the needs of its users.

inadequate equipment and limited Internet service: there is no appropriate equipment and sufficient to meet the numerous clienteles strong internet connectivity. In the library of the College of medicine and allied health sciences, the insufficient number of computers available does not allow the library operate equipment charge or issuance of system more advanced and easier to operate than Browne system currently used by the load library. Also provided Internet service is not enough to handle the high number of students, staff and other users.

lack of adequate training and qualified personnel: the Faculty of medicine and Allied Health Sciences Library is the abbreviation suitable trained and qualified librarians that have been rendered ineffective in the library in the area spread correctly to users. The library consists only of two skilled librarians and additional staff consists of a technician, staff, cleaners and couriers.

conclusively, the library of the Faculty of medicine and allied health sciencesd as a library in the University of Sierra Leone has been able to meet the information needs of many users with the emission system of Browne who operates on. However, the collection is not updated and the service is not great to satisfy the clientele that attends. The library of the University lacks of sufficient funds to buy materials updated. The library services have not been too successful and this is because few trained staff and poor facilities. Despite these challenges in the library of the Faculty of medicine and allied health sciences, the Browne’s charge or issuance system has shown to be therapy that has saved the question of the provision of services to its clients and the due preservation of materials.


The Importance of Cataloging

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used catalogues in libraries. These catalogs are catalogs of the library. Library catalogs are full of information about the resources that are within the library. The information contained in the catalogues is known as the bibliographic record. Now if you want to know the true essence of the catalogue, you have to understand how they are created or submitted. This is where the process of cataloging in the light.

what is classified? Do you need to make a distinction between cataloging and catalog printing? Some people conceive these two terms as one. This is not correct. For cataloging is the process by which librarians seen when doing a bibliographic record during the printing of the catalogue refers to the process of printing a catalog. When you say the cataloging is record some relevant details about a work published above all books and newspapers. The information includes the title of the article, the name of the author, published date, titles, etc.

Please note that there are certain rules that you must follow to put some information in the material library. Cataloging is a way to put in order all the materials found within a library. It is also a systematic way of finding the correct reference you are looking for.

in general terms, there are two types of classification system used in cataloguing. It is the Dewey Decimal Classification, DDC or library of Congress’s LCC classification system. Between the two, is the Dewey Decimal classification that is popularly used in public libraries system. The Dewey Decimal classification is basically a numeric system that manages all bodies of knowledge into 10 general categories. On the other hand, the library of Congress Classification makes use of the alphabetic system.

today with advanced equipment in hand, cataloguing process has become more easy. There are different applications designed in making bibliographic records. These software applications are very useful in the creation of online catalogs. In this regard, MARC has emerged. MARC stands for the unregistering of machine readable cataloguing.

in general, cataloging has become very important to keep all the materials in the library in order. In fact, the cataloging has provided regularly within the library. People who can easily find the material you are looking for in the research library. No time is consumed in obtaining the information you need. There is ease of use, whenever you search for files or information.

understand the role of cataloging at the library will give you a vivid picture of the important thing is a catalogue in the society. Not only is it important to know how catalog printing works but it also help if you have an understanding comprehensive cataloging is everything. So that the next time that you are asked what is cataloging, immediately can make a distinction between cataloging and catalog printing.